What is OpenID Connect?
OpenID Connect 1.0 is a simple identity layer on top of the OAuth 2.0 protocol. It allows Clients to verify the identity of the End-User based on the authentication performed by an Authorization Server, as well as to obtain basic profile information about the End-User in an interoperable and REST-like manner.
See http://openid.net/connect/faq/ for a set of answers to Frequently Asked Questions about OpenID Connect.
How is OpenID Connect different than OpenID 2.0?
OpenID Connect performs many of the same tasks as OpenID 2.0, but does so in a way that is API-friendly, and usable by native and mobile applications. OpenID Connect defines optional mechanisms for robust signing and encryption. Whereas integration of OAuth 1.0a and OpenID 2.0 required an extension, in OpenID Connect, OAuth 2.0 capabilities are integrated with the protocol itself.
The OpenID Connect 1.0 specification consists of six documents:
- Core – Defines the core OpenID Connect functionality: authentication built on top of OAuth 2.0 and the use of Claims to communicate information about the End-User
- Discovery – (Optional) Defines how Clients dynamically discover information about OpenID Providers
- Dynamic Registration – (Optional) Defines how clients dynamically register with OpenID Providers
- OAuth 2.0 Multiple Response Types – Defines several specific new OAuth 2.0 response types
- OAuth 2.0 Form Post Response Mode – (Optional) Defines how to return OAuth 2.0 Authorization Response parameters (including OpenID Connect Authentication Response parameters) using HTML form values that are auto-submitted by the User Agent using HTTP POST
- Session Management – (Optional) Defines how to manage OpenID Connect sessions, including postMessage-based logout functionality
- HTTP-Based Logout – (Optional) Defines an HTTP-based logout mechanism that does not use an OP iframe on RP pages
Two implementer’s guides are also available to serve as self-contained references for implementers of basic Web-based Relying Parties:
- Basic Client Implementer’s Guide – Simple subset of the Core functionality for a web-based Relying Party using the OAuth code flow
- Implicit Client Implementer’s Guide – Simple subset of the Core functionality for a web-based Relying Party using the OAuth implicit flow
Also, a protocol migration specification is available:
- OpenID 2.0 to OpenID Connect Migration 1.0 – Defines how to migrate from OpenID 2.0 to OpenID Connect
The OpenID Connect specifications, implementer’s guides, and specifications they are built upon are shown in the diagram below. Click on the boxes in the diagram to view the specification.
Participation in the Working Group
The easiest way to monitor progress on the OpenID Connect 1.0 Specification is to join the mailing list at http://lists.openid.net/mailman/listinfo/openid-specs-ab.
Please note that while anyone can join the mailing list as a read-only recipient, posting to the mailing list or contributing to the specifications requires the submission of an IPR Agreement. More information is available at http://openid.net/intellectual-property. Make sure to specify the working group as “OpenID AB/Connect”, because this group is a merged working group and both names must be specified.
For more details on participating, see the OpenID Connect Working Group Page.
The Libraries page lists libraries that implement OpenID Connect and related specifications.
Interop testing for OpenID Connect implementations is under way. If you are interested in participating in the interop activities, join the OpenID Connect Interop mailing list.
Final OpenID Connect specifications were launched on February 26, 2014.